National Collegiate Athletic Association
The NCAA is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
Supporting student-athlete success on the field, in the classroom and life by integrating athletics into higher education. Support high school with athletic scholarships from a University President, if good enough a Division III team.
Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the competition of Crew. As rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to appear as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and often had to adapt for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a conference of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules; at a follow-on meeting on December 28, 1905, in New York, 62 higher-education institutions became charter members of the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS). The IAAUS was officially established on March 31, 1906, and took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910.
For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body for college sports, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. Gradually, more rules committees formed and more tournaments were created, including a basketball championship in 1939.
In the late 1940s, there were only two colleges in the country, Notre Dame and Pennsylvania, with a national TV contract, a considerable source of revenue. In 1951, the NCAA voted to prohibit any live TV broadcast of college football games during the season. No sooner had the NCAA voted to ban television than public outcry forced it to retreat. Instead, the NCAA voted to restrict the number of televised games for each team to stop the slide in gate attendance. University of Pennsylvania president Harold Stassen defied the monopoly and renewed its contract with ABC. November 17 football teams are usually getting ready for Bowl Games.